Stress can be a reason for worry and varies for each person. For example, trekking for long can cause stress to someone, and the same can be gratifying to the other. Stress can affect the physical and mental health, and behavior. This article helps to find out three common different types of stress affecting the humans.
1. Acute Stress
Acute stress, one of the most common types of stress encountered each day by many. It arises due to challenging circumstances and pressures from recent pasts, or even worries of future.
But, not all acute stress is harmful. It is exciting and adventurous in small portions, but too much is exhausting. For example, a roller coaster ride or a skydiving experience exhilarate in the first instance, but prolonged exposure is taxing and wearing.
Skiing beyond limits can lead to falls and broken bones. Likewise, exaggeration in short-term stress can cause psychological distress, tension, and headaches.
Common symptoms include :
- Emotional distress, which is the combination of anger or irritability, depression and anxiety.
- Muscular problems such as tension, headache, back pain, and jaw pain. Other muscular pressures that lead to pulled muscles, and tendon and ligament problems.
- Stomach and bowel problems such as heartburn, acid stomach, flatulence, diarrhea, constipation, and irritable bowel syndrome.
- Other problems such as an increase in blood pressure, migraine, rapid heartbeat, cold hands or feet, sweaty palms, shortness of breath, chest pain, and dizziness.
2. Episodic Acute Stress
It is an advanced form of acute stress. People who are in daily crisis are prone to episodic acute stress. Such people are often short-tempered, irritable, and anxious. They are the 'worry warts' who tend to see the adverse side of everything.
Adverse health effects are prevalent in people suffering from episodic acute stress. It gets tough for people to change their lifestyle and then end up accepting stress as a part of life. They blame their woes on other people and external events. Also, resistance to change can lead them to a complicated life ahead.
Unlike acute stress, chronic stress destroys bodies, minds, and lives. It wreaks havoc through long-term attrition. It might stem from their issues of poverty, dysfunctional families, career, and unhappy marriage.
Unrelenting demands and pressures of situations never see a way out of their misery. Eventually, they get used to it. Chronic stress can be detrimental to health in a severe and long-term consequence.
Dangerous tendencies include the risk of heart disease, cancer, lung disease, accidents, cirrhosis of the liver, and suicide.
The body reacts to stress by producing certain chemicals and hormones to help with challenges, but too much stress can have adverse effects.
Stress is meant to be temporary, not all kinds of stress are severe. Some stress heightens the senses helping to avoid accidents. It also helps to stay clear-minded in confused situations which are the "fight-or-flight" response that the body triggers in times of duress.
It is impossible to get rid of stress entirely. The goal of stress management is to identify stress causing elements and in doing so, one can overcome the harmful stress.
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